What is the most common form of cancer in men? The answer is prostate cancer. If a prostate cancer develops, it can metastasize to surrounding tissue and organs. If the cancer cells are invasive, the cancer is categorized as malignant. The earlier prostate cancer detected and treated, the better will be the survival rate of the patient. If it is left undetected and untreated, the survival rate will be worse.
Prostate cancer is divided into 4 stages, which depends on the cancer’s development and area of spreading. And here, we will talk about stage 2 prostate cancer. We will talk about the symptoms of the cancer, the treatments available and the survival rate of the patient.
If you have been diagnosed with stage 2 prostate cancer, it means that you have more cancer cells in your prostate than a stage 1 prostate cancer. At this stage, the cancer cells are still localized in the prostate.
Stage 2 prostate cancer symptoms are usually around urinary and sexual problems. While this is true, some patient may not experience symptoms at all. So, each patient is different. Below are the symptoms of the cancer.
- Frequent urination
- Difficulty in starting urination
- Urine flow is weaker than usual
- A burning sensation during urination
- Blood in the urine
- Difficulty having or maintaining an erection
- Painful sensation when ejaculating
- Blood in the semen
As with stage 2 prostate cancer symptoms, the treatments for one patient and another can be different. For the treatments, factors such as general health, age and whether or not symptoms are present will decide what kind of treatments you need.
For instance, if the cancer shows no symptoms and is growing slowly, your doctor may recommend active surveillance. Active surveillance means that the cancer will not actually be treated. Instead, it will be monitored carefully by you and your doctor. This can include visiting your doctor every 6 months, with physical examination and testing to see the cancer development.
The following are examples of stage 2 prostate cancer treatments.
- Radical Prostatectomy
This treatment involves removing the prostate through an abdominal incision. Since the cancer is still localized in the prostate, this treatment can cure the disease.
- Radiation Therapy
With this treatment, the cancer cells are destroyed by radiation. In general, this treatment is given 5 days in a week for several weeks.
- Hormone Therapy
Unlike the previous two treatments, hormone therapy does not directly remove or destroy the cancer. This is done because the male hormone ‘fuels’ the cancer. By lowering the male hormones, the growth of the tumor is then slowed down and it can also shrink the tumor.
Prostate cancer is not only treatable but also survivable. Below are the relative survival rates of patients with prostate cancer according to the American Cancer Society.
- 5-year survival rate: 99%
- 10-year survival rate: 98%
- 15-year survival rate: 96%
If you experience the symptoms of prostate cancer, you should talk with your doctor. In most cases, prostate cancer is found when it is still localized. Or in another word, it is still in stage 1 and 2. The survival rate for stage 2 prostate cancer is almost 100%.