How Is Lung Cancer Diagnosed? Lung cancer is widely known as one of the leading causals to death. It occurs when there several abnormal cells which grow in the lung tissue and can travel throughout the body by the time it is growing or metastasize. It will be dangerous because the short treatment doesn’t help anymore.
The advanced stage may need long-term treatments to weaken and stunt its cancer cells. How Is Lung Cancer Diagnosed? In fact, this typical cancer that often found in the advanced stage because it doesn’t show significant symptoms in early stage. This case makes the people just ignore and won’t visit a doctor specialist to get diagnosed before it is going worst.
How Is Lung Cancer Diagnosed by Medical Test?
Medical testing can give bright diagnosis associated with lung cancer. Some of the bellows tests will be advised by the specialist doctor on your behalf. Pay attention to the several medical tests that may be given to you.
- Medical history and physical examination
- Imaging test includes chest X-ray, computed tomography (CT) scan, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), positron emission tomography (PET) scan, bone scan or ultrasound.
- Laboratory tests on blood or tissue
- Lung biopsy, where a small sample of tissue or fluid is removed, usually with a thin needle, to be examined under a microscope
- Sputum cytology, where a sample of sputum (mucus coughed up from the lungs) is examined under a microscope
- Bronchoscopy, where a thin tube with a light and a lens on the end is inserted through the nose or mouth to look inside the trachea (windpipe) and large airways in the lungs or to take biopsies
- Video-assisted thoracoscopy, where a thin tube with a light and a lens on the end is inserted into the chest (through a cut made between two ribs) to look for abnormalities or to take biopsies
- Thoracentesis, where fluid is removed with needle from the space between the lining of the chest and the lung, to be examined under a microscope
- Mediastinoscopy and mediastinotomy is a condition of where a smallest tube joined with light and lens inserted into the spot between lungs. This is purposed for looking if there any abnormal activity or not (biopsies)
How Is Lung Cancer Diagnosed by the Staging?
How Is Lung Cancer Diagnosed? Knowing the stage is importantly associated with lung cancer diagnosis. The staging is how the spreading of lung cancer in the body. It also includes size and location of a tumor. There two types of lung cancer, they are non-small cell lung cancer and small cell lung cancer. The staging of both types is different. But today, the focus is how the way to determine the stage. What test is commonly done to get a clear diagnosis of the lung cancer stage?
- Imaging test which includes CT scan, PET scan, MRI, bone scan and ultrasound
- End bronchial ultrasound (EBUS)
- Mediastinoscopy and mediastinotomy (rarely)
- Lymph node biopsy
- Bone narrow aspiration and biopsy (rarely used this day)
- Blood tests, to provide a complete blood count and for other laboratory tests.
Some of the medical tests above should be done to get a clear diagnosis of lung cancer. It is important to do because it will determine what kind of treatment will be received by the patients. In short hopefully, the today’s topic about How Is Lung Cancer Diagnosed can give such the thing to be considered by the patients before undergoing any test.