colorectal cancer or known colon cancer or colon cancer is a form of malignancy that occurs in the rectum, colon, and appendix
How Do I Know If I Have Colon Cancer? In developed countries, cancer has been ranked third and included in the disease that often occurs, and became the leading cause of death in some parts of the world.
To identify it is quite difficult, like the question I once asked the doctor, “How Do I Know If I Have Colon Cancer?” And the doctor suggests doing an action called a colonoscopy, while for surgical treatment with chemotherapy.
Symptoms of Colon Cancer
Colon cancer is constituted by symptoms, a sudden weight loss (as a common symptom of malignancy) and fatigue that comes unclear why. After some time, other symptoms appear related to the presence of tumors that have a decent size in the large intestine.
When the tumor gets closer to the location with the anus, often the symptoms will increase. If we are talking about the symptoms of the colon tumor, the symptoms are traced to three points, including local symptoms, common symptoms, and symptoms of spread or metastasis.
- Changes in the habit of urination or large.
- Changes in bowel frequency: decreased (constipation) or increased (diarrhea) and changes in diameter, as well as size in stool or feces. The feeling that will be experienced is a sensation like not finished defecating but stool or dirt can’t get out.
Typical Characteristics of Colorectal Cancer
- Changes in physical form in dirt or feces.
- Feces are mixed with blood or blood out of the drain hole while you’re having a bowel movement.
- Feces are mixed with mucus.
- Feces appear to have a blackish color, often associated with the occurrence of bleeding in the upper channel.
- Pain accompanied by nausea and vomiting during bowel movements, caused by blockage of sewage by tumor mass.
- The existence of a lump in the abdomen that may be felt by the patient.
- Weight loss decreased for no apparent reason.
- Anemia and the patient’s face will appear pale.
- Loss of appetite.
- Often feel tired of no reason
- Sometimes experience such a floating sensation
- Symptoms of Spreading to the Heart
- Patients appear yellow to the eyes and skin
- Pain around the heart and in the upper right abdomen
- At the time of physical examination by the doctor will usually appear enlarged liver
- The emergence of neoplastic caused by the spread of cancer associated with increased blood viscosity.
Advanced Symptoms of Colon Cancer
Another symptom that is often experienced by the patient after knowing the local symptoms are symptoms that occur in the tissues and organ areas around the tumor. Because tumors can grow in some organs there will be some symptoms.
After the tumor spreads and enlarges, such as the vagina (too much mucus and whitish discharge that causes unpleasant smell), the bladder (the appearance of air bubbles and blood in the urine, etc.). I will explain some kinds of staging groupings in colon cancer (almost similar to Dukes classification):
- Stage 1: Inside the colon, wall cancer has occurred
- Stage 2: The colonic muscle layer has cancer
- Stage 3: Lymph glands have been contaminated by cancer
- Stage 4: Other organs have started to be affected by cancer
How Do I Know If I Have Colon Cancer? It is a very rarely experienced by people aged 50 years and under, except in the history of relatives or family had colon cancer, the majority of these diseases occur at the age of seventy to sixty years due to the increasing age the higher the risk of colon cancer.