Prostate cancer is one of the most common types of cancer that occurs in men. This cancer usually grows slowly and initially remains confined to the prostate gland, and it does not cause a serious impact. However, there are also other types that are more aggressive and can spread rapidly and can give a very serious negative impact on the sufferer, even death. Prostate cancer that is detected earlier still has a great chance to be treated. How to treat prostate cancer?
Treating Prostate Cancer
For most of the patients with prostate cancer, it may be confusing to choose a procedure to treat the disease. Each treatment has its own risk and advantages. In addition, the treatment of prostate cancer also depends on several factors including cancer level, the size of the cancer, the age, survival rate, the area of cancer, and the patient’s health condition.
How to treat prostate cancer? There are several ways to treat prostate cancer that will be conducted by doctors. Some of the treatments are:
TURP is also known as trans-urethral resection is a kind of surgery in order to cut the part of the prostate gland by conducting general anesthesia to reduce the pain during the surgery. The purpose of the operation is to get rid of urinating symptom resulted from prostate
Cryotherapy is commonly done to treat stage one prostate cancer. But, most of the doctors will not take this treatment as the first treatment. On this procedure, doctors will use a very cold temperature blow to freeze and kill the prostate cancer cells. Somehow, there are some side effects of this treatment such as:
- Get difficulty to control urinating.
- Bleeding on urine for several days.
- Erectile Dysfunction or impotence.
- Feeling pain when urinating.
Radiotherapy uses radiation energy to kill prostate cancer cells when the prostate cancer does not spread yet out of the prostate gland. This therapy is usually conducted after the surgery to get rid of the remaining cancer cells. It is also done to reduce the pain and slow down the cancer growth in further stage case. Still, there are some risks when getting this therapy such as:
- Pubic hair will fall out
- Feeling tired
- Feeling uncomfortable around the anus and rectum
- Inflammation of the bladder
- Inability to erect
- Urinary incontinence
- Problems with defecation, such as diarrhea and bleeding.
Chemotherapy is a treatment where the patient will be given some anti-cancer drugs by doctors. This is the best way if the cancer already spreads out and attacks other organs. Some of the side effects of chemotherapy are:
- Hair will fall out
- Getting Sprue
- Nausea and vomiting
- Increased risk of infection, due to reduced number of white blood cells
- Easily bruised or bleeding
Anyway, how to treat prostate cancer? Those are several medical treatments that most of the doctors will conduct to treat patients with prostate cancer. Somehow, there are also other alternative ways such as hormonal therapy, cancer vaccination, bone treatment, and traditional medication.