Risk factors for testicular cancer. Undescended testicles (cryptorchidism) Having undescended testicles (cryptorchidism) increases the risk of testicular cancer. Abnormal cells in the testicle (carcinoma in situ) Fertility problems. Previous testicular cancer. Family history. Hypospadias. Inguinal hernia. HIV or AIDS.
Testicular cancer can happen in one or both testicles and can affect people of any age. If caught early, testicular cancer is treatable and usually curable.
Sometimes, men with testicular cancer do not have any of these changes. Or, the cause of a symptom may be a different medical condition that is not cancer.
This means that a testicle did not drop from the abdomen (where it forms in fetal development) down into the scrotum by birth. Testicular cancer may develop in .
Testicular cancer is generally found in young men. The exact cause of testicular cancer is unknown and many men without risk factors develop testicular cancer.